The rapid increase in lipidomic data has triggered a community-based movement to develop guidelines and minimum requirements for generating, reporting and publishing lipidomic data. The creation of a dynamic checklist summarizing key details of lipidomic analyses using a common language has the potential to harmonize the field by improving both traceability and reproducibility.
McDonald, J. G. et al., Introducing the Lipidomics Minimal Reporting Checklist, Nature Metabolism (2022)doi: 10.1038/s42255-022-00628-3
Characterization of phospholipid-modified lung surfactant in vitro and in a neonatal ARDS model reveals anti-inflammatory potential and surfactant lipidome signatures
A strong inflammatory immune response drives the lung pathology in neonatal acute respiratory distress syndrome (nARDS). Anti-inflammatory therapy is therefore a promising strategy for improved treatment of nARDS. We demonstrate a new function of the anionic phospholipids POPG, DOPG, and PIP2 as inhibitors of IL-1β release by LPS and ATP-induced inflammasome activation in human monocyte-derived and lung macrophages. Curosurf® surfactant was enriched with POPG, DOPG, PIP2 and the head-group derivative IP3, biophysically characterized and applicability was evaluated in a piglet model of nARDS. The composition of pulmonary surfactant from piglets was determined by shotgun lipidomics screens. After 72 h of nARDS, levels of POPG, DOPG, and PIP2 were enhanced in the respective treatment groups. Otherwise, we did not observe changes of individual lipid species in any of the groups. Surfactant proteins were not affected, with the exception of the IP3 treated group. Our data show that POPG, DOPG, and PIP2 are potent inhibitors of inflammasome activation; their enrichment in a surfactant preparation did not induce any negative effects on lipid profile and reduced biophysical function in vitro was mainly observed for PIP2. These results encourage to rethink the current strategies of improving surfactant preparations by inclusion of anionic lipids as potent anti-inflammatory immune regulators.
Kupsch, S. et al., Characterization of phospholipid-modified lung surfactant in vitro and in a neonatal ARDS model reveals anti-inflammatory potential and surfactant lipidome signatures, European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (2022)doi:10.1016/j.ejps.2022.106216
Are n-3 PUFAs from Microalgae Incorporated into Membrane and Storage Lipids in Pig Muscle Tissues?-A Lipidomic Approach
One-fourth of the global human population is estimated to be infected with strains of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC), the causative agent of tuberculosis (TB). Using lipidomic approaches, we show that tuberculostearic acid (TSA)-containing phosphatidylinositols (PIs) are molecular markers for infection with clinically relevant MTBC strains and signify bacterial burden. For the most abundant lipid marker, detection limits of ∼102 colony forming units (CFUs) and ∼103 CFUs for bacterial and cell culture systems were determined, respectively. We developed a targeted lipid assay, which can be performed within a day including sample preparation─roughly 30-fold faster than in conventional methods based on bacterial culture. This indirect and culture-free detection approach allowed us to determine pathogen loads in infected murine macrophages, human neutrophils, and murine lung tissue. These marker lipids inferred from mycobacterial PIs were found in higher levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of TB patients compared to healthy individuals. Moreover, in a small cohort of drug-susceptible TB patients, elevated levels of these molecular markers were detected at the start of therapy and declined upon successful anti-TB treatment. Thus, the concentration of TSA-containing PIs can be used as a correlate for the mycobacterial burden in experimental models and in vitro systems and may prospectively also provide a clinically relevant tool to monitor TB severity.
Dannenberger, D. et al., Tuberculostearic Acid-Containing Phosphatidylinositols as Markers of Bacterial Burden in Tuberculosis, ACS Omega (2022)doi:10.1021/acsomega.2c02476